Known in official reports as Redoubt H, it was a key part of the Union’s plan to push the Confederate army to the breaking point. As his men fell back, Hood realized that the cause was lost and began evacuating Atlanta on the night of September 1. With the coming of spring, Grant feared that Confederate General Robert E. Lee would attempt to slip his army west out of the tightening Federal lines at Petersburg and head south to join General Joseph Johnston’s battered Confederate forces at Raleigh, North Carolina. As part of the preparations for the Perryville campaign, the new commander of Department No. Although the majority of these generals were from the south, a handful of them were also from the north. Maury formed a line on the west side of the creek but the line was overrun with the loss of 300 prisoners. This area of the Confederate line was under the command of Maj. Gen. William Loring, commanding a division of Lt. Gen. Alexander P. Stewart’s Corps. Cozzens, pp. 2, commanded by General Albert Johnston. Shea & Hess, p. 87; Josephy, pp. The army was organized from elements of the Army of the West on September 28, 1862, with Earl Van Dorn its first and only commander. (37) And whereas 304 West Point graduates joined the Southern army,(38) at least 12,000, and possibly many more, matriculants of ninety-six Southern military schools donned the Rebel gray and filled the highest ranks of command. The remaining units were reorganized by Price into two divisions commanded by Brigadier Generals Henry Little and Dabney Maury, with a cavalry brigade commanded by Colonel Frank Armstrong. On 19 February 1861, President Jefferson Davis appointed Leroy P. Walker of Alabama secretary of war of the newly formed Confederate States of America—the first of the five men to serve in that troubled office—and on 6 March, the Confederate Congress authorized an army of 100,000 volunteers to serve for twelve months. Major General Sterling Price was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Here is his breakdown by county of enlistment, the total of which he estimates to be over 21,770 soldiers. Grant’s offensive had battered his Army of Northern Virginia back into defensive positions around the Confederate capital of Richmond and its main rail center, Petersburg. [10], In the meantime, Price launched an offensive without waiting for Van Dorn's forces, mostly due to pressure from Bragg. Would the war never end? Confederate generals served in the Confederate States Army on behalf of the Confederate States of America.. This database contains an index to compiled service records (CSRs) for soldiers who served with units in the Confederate army. He resigned from the service in May, 1861, and entered the Confederate army, taking charge of the artillery in the provisional army of the State of Tennessee. Van Dorn then informed Price of his plans to capture Corinth: first the Confederates would march to Pocahontas, northwest of Corinth, in order to confuse the Union high command, then turn around and attack Corinth from the north and northwest. (39) Thirty-seven of the matriculants became Confederate generals, about 8 … Then the stunning Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863, and by September Confederate morale was at its lowest ebb since the beginning of the war. The company's filing status is listed as Active and its File Number is C4137287. [6] During the night, the remains of McCulloch's division arrived at Elkhorn Tavern but no supplies came, since the supply train was located several miles away at the initial Confederate positions and Van Dorn failed to order it to follow the army; as a result, the Confederates were low on ammunition. Confederate Army of the West (16,000) Major General Earl Van Dorn Right Wing McCulloch’s Division - Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch (killed) [1] During February 1862, the Union Army of the Southwest commanded by Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis drove the Missouri State Guard out of the state and into northwestern Arkansas, where Price united with McCulloch's forces. Colonel Elkanah Greer of the 3rd Texas Cavalry took command of another portion of the division and, after holding his position until after dark, also marched around Big Mountain to the tavern. Hulbut then crossed several regiments to the east bank, which suffered 570 casualties, mostly due to sharpshooters and artillery fire. [12], Van Dorn ordered a retreat first towards Pocahontas, where he proposed for the Confederate army to attack Corinth again from the south; both Price and Maury talked him out of it. [4] Pike was able to rally a portion of the division and lead it back to the Bentonville Detour, where it marched around the northern end of Big Mountain and to Elkhorn Tavern. Price also started the process of enlisting his men from the Missouri State Guard into the Confederate volunteer army but the process was slow and only one brigade was organized onto complete regiments by March; another brigade was composed only of battalions and a third of partial organized battalions and companies. Following the transfer of the Army of the West to Corinth, part of the army was incorporated into the Army of Mississippi. The Army was reorganized in late 1862 but the troops that followed Price[clarification needed] in his other commands continued to be popularly called the Army of the West. 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